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Feeding Your Hedgehog: Diet, Nutrition, and Healthy Treats

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Hedgehogs are unique and endearing small mammals known for their prickly appearance and charming personalities. Proper nutrition is essential for their overall health and well-being. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the dietary needs of hedgehogs, including their main diet, nutritional requirements, and healthy treat options to keep your prickly companion happy and healthy.

1. Main Diet

A well-balanced main diet is the foundation of your hedgehog’s nutrition:

  • Commercial Hedgehog Food: High-quality commercial hedgehog food is formulated to meet their specific nutritional requirements. Look for a product that lists meat or poultry as the primary ingredient.
  • Insects: Insects are a crucial part of a hedgehog’s diet and provide essential protein. Common options include mealworms, crickets, and waxworms. These can be purchased freeze-dried or live.
  • Protein: Hedgehogs are insectivores, so their diet should consist of high-quality protein sources. Avoid feeding them cat or dog food, which doesn’t meet their nutritional needs.
  • Fruits and Vegetables: While hedgehogs may occasionally nibble on fruits and vegetables, these should be offered sparingly, as hedgehogs are primarily insectivores.

2. Nutritional Requirements

Understanding the nutritional needs of your hedgehog is crucial for their health:

  • Protein: Hedgehogs require a diet with around 25-35% protein content. This is essential for their growth, muscle development, and overall health.
  • Fat: A diet with approximately 5-15% fat content is suitable for hedgehogs. Avoid excessively fatty foods.
  • Fiber: Hedgehogs need a diet with limited fiber, as they have short digestive tracts. Avoid high-fiber foods like fruits and vegetables.
  • Calcium: Provide a diet with appropriate calcium levels to prevent metabolic bone disease. Insects and commercial hedgehog food usually contain adequate calcium.

3. Healthy Treats

Treats are a fun way to bond with your hedgehog and provide occasional variety:

  • Mealworms: Freeze-dried or live mealworms are a favorite treat for hedgehogs. They provide protein and mental stimulation during mealtime.
  • Crickets: Live crickets can be offered as an occasional treat. They provide exercise and engagement as your hedgehog hunts for them.
  • Hard-Boiled Eggs: Small amounts of hard-boiled egg can be a protein-rich treat. Offer it in moderation.
  • Unsweetened Applesauce: A tiny amount of unsweetened applesauce can be given as an occasional treat, but avoid sugary varieties.

4. Feeding Schedule

Establishing a feeding schedule is essential for your hedgehog’s routine:

  • Daily Feeding: Provide fresh water daily in a shallow, stable dish. Hedgehogs are nocturnal, so they are most active during the evening and night. Offer food during this time to match their natural feeding habits.
  • Portion Control: Avoid overfeeding, as obesity can be a concern. Follow recommended portion sizes based on the type of food you’re offering.

5. Dietary Restrictions

Hedgehogs have specific dietary restrictions:

  • No Dairy: Hedgehogs are lactose intolerant, so avoid dairy products like cheese or milk.
  • Limited Fruits and Vegetables: While small amounts of fruits and vegetables can be offered occasionally, they should not be a primary part of their diet.
  • Avoid Processed Foods: Stay away from processed or sugary foods, as these can lead to obesity and health issues.

6. Hydration

Ensuring your hedgehog stays hydrated is crucial:

  • Fresh Water: Provide fresh, clean water at all times in a shallow dish. Check the water daily and clean the dish to prevent contamination.

7. Observing Dietary Changes

Keep an eye on your hedgehog’s eating habits:

  • Changes in Appetite: A sudden decrease in appetite or refusal to eat may indicate a health issue. Consult a veterinarian if you notice these changes.
  • Weight Monitoring: Regularly weigh your hedgehog to track their weight. Unexpected weight loss can be a sign of underlying health problems.


Proper nutrition is vital to your hedgehog’s health and happiness. By providing a well-balanced diet with appropriate protein and fat levels, monitoring treats, and adhering to a feeding schedule, you can ensure that your prickly companion enjoys a long and healthy life. Remember that each hedgehog is unique, so it’s essential to learn their preferences and nutritional needs to provide them with the best care possible.

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Dr. Chandrika

About Me

I am a veterinary doctor who is passionate about providing top-quality care for pets and their families. My mission is to share my knowledge and expertise with pet owners through my blog, petearnest.com.


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