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Handling Your Hedgehog: Tips for Bonding and Reducing Stress

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Hedgehogs, with their prickly appearance and endearing nature, make delightful pets for those willing to invest time in building a strong bond. While they may seem reserved or shy at first, with patience and the right approach, you can establish a deep and trusting connection with your hedgehog. In this guide, we’ll explore the art of handling hedgehogs, offering tips for bonding and reducing stress for both you and your spiky companion.

Understanding Hedgehog Behavior

Before we delve into handling techniques, it’s essential to understand hedgehog behavior:

  • Nocturnal Nature: Hedgehogs are primarily nocturnal, meaning they are most active during the night. It’s crucial to respect their sleep schedule and interact with them during their wakeful hours.
  • Spiky Defense: Hedgehogs are equipped with spines as a natural defense mechanism. When they feel threatened or alarmed, they may roll into a tight ball, exposing their spines. This behavior is meant to deter potential predators.
  • Curious Explorers: Hedgehogs are naturally curious animals. They use their keen sense of smell to explore their environment and often enjoy investigating new scents and objects.

Building Trust Gradually

Building trust with your hedgehog takes time and patience. Here’s how to begin the process:

1. Respect Their Space:

Allow your hedgehog to acclimate to their new environment for a few days without handling. This gives them a chance to feel secure in their enclosure.

2. Scent Association:

To help your hedgehog become familiar with your scent, place an unwashed t-shirt or cloth that you’ve worn inside their enclosure. This can help them associate your scent with safety.

3. Slow Approach:

When you’re ready to start handling, approach your hedgehog slowly and calmly. Avoid sudden movements or loud noises that could startle them.

4. Offer Treats:

Use treats as a positive reinforcement tool. Offer small, tasty treats when your hedgehog shows calm behavior during interactions.

5. Pick-Up Technique:

To pick up your hedgehog, gently scoop them up from underneath, supporting their body. Be prepared for some resistance initially, as they may curl into a ball.

6. Gradual Sessions:

Start with short handling sessions, gradually increasing the duration as your hedgehog becomes more comfortable. Respect their cues for when they want to be put down.

Handling Dos and Don’ts

When handling your hedgehog, keep these dos and don’ts in mind:


  • Be Patient: Building trust takes time. Respect your hedgehog’s pace, and don’t rush the bonding process.
  • Use Soft Touch: Handle your hedgehog gently and with a soft touch. Avoid squeezing or putting too much pressure on their spines.
  • Bonding Pouch: Some hedgehog owners use bonding pouches, which are soft, fabric pouches that hang around your neck or shoulder. Your hedgehog can snuggle inside, feeling secure and close to your scent.
  • Playpen Time: Create a safe playpen area for supervised exploration outside of their enclosure. This can provide mental stimulation and exercise.


  • Wake Them During the Day: Avoid waking your hedgehog during their daytime sleep. Hedgehogs are nocturnal and need their rest.
  • Force Handling: Never force your hedgehog to be handled if they are displaying signs of stress or resistance. Respect their boundaries.
  • Use Harsh Scents: Avoid using strong-smelling lotions, perfumes, or soaps before handling your hedgehog, as they may find these scents overwhelming.
  • Overstimulate: Be mindful of overstimulation. If your hedgehog shows signs of stress, such as huffing, hissing, or curling into a tight ball, give them a break.

Bonding Activities

Bonding with your hedgehog can extend beyond handling:

  • Quiet Time: Spend time near your hedgehog’s enclosure, talking softly to them or reading a book. This helps them get used to your presence.
  • Treat Training: Use treat training to encourage positive interactions. Offer a small treat when your hedgehog approaches you or displays calm behavior.
  • Gentle Stroking: Some hedgehogs enjoy gentle strokes on their spines or head. Pay attention to their cues to see if they find this comforting.


Handling your hedgehog and building a strong bond requires patience, understanding, and respect for their unique behaviors and needs. As you gradually earn their trust and offer a safe and loving environment, you’ll likely find that your hedgehog becomes a delightful and affectionate companion. Remember that each hedgehog has its personality and pace, so tailor your approach to their preferences. With time and commitment, you can enjoy a rewarding and loving relationship with your spiky friend.

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Dr. Chandrika

About Me

I am a veterinary doctor who is passionate about providing top-quality care for pets and their families. My mission is to share my knowledge and expertise with pet owners through my blog, petearnest.com.


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