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A Comprehensive Guide for New Hedgehog Owners

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Hedgehogs, with their adorable faces and charming personalities, have become increasingly popular as pets. These spiky yet endearing creatures make wonderful companions for those who are willing to provide the care they require. If you’re a new hedgehog owner or considering bringing one into your home, it’s essential to understand their specific needs and how to ensure their well-being. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll cover all aspects of hedgehog care to help you provide the best possible life for your prickly friend.

Hedgehog Species and Varieties

There are several species of hedgehogs, but the African Pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) is the most common one kept as a pet. African Pygmy hedgehogs have various color variations and patterns, making each one unique.

1. Housing and Habitat

Creating the right habitat for your hedgehog is crucial for their health and happiness. Here’s how to set up an ideal living space:

A. Cage Size

Choose a spacious cage with enough room for your hedgehog to move and explore. A minimum of 2 square feet is recommended, but larger is always better. Ensure proper ventilation.

B. Substrate

Provide a suitable substrate for bedding. Options include aspen shavings or fleece liners. Avoid pine or cedar bedding, as the aromatic oils can be harmful to hedgehogs.

C. Hideouts

Hedgehogs enjoy hiding and feeling secure. Offer hideouts or shelters for them to retreat to, such as igloos or wooden houses.

D. Exercise Wheel

A solid-surface exercise wheel is essential for hedgehogs to stay active and maintain a healthy weight. Ensure the wheel is large enough to prevent arching of their back while running.

E. Heating and Lighting

Maintain a warm environment for your hedgehog. Provide a heat source such as a ceramic heat emitter or a heating pad set to a low temperature. Ensure there is a temperature gradient in the cage, with a warm spot and a cooler spot. Hedgehogs do not require UV lighting.

2. Diet and Nutrition

Hedgehogs are insectivores by nature, but their diet in captivity can vary. Here’s how to provide the right nutrition:

A. Commercial Hedgehog Food

Commercial hedgehog food is available and provides balanced nutrition. Look for high-quality brands that contain animal-based protein as the main ingredient.

B. Insects

Offer live insects as a staple part of their diet. Crickets, mealworms, and waxworms are suitable options. You can also supplement their diet with canned insects.

C. Fresh Vegetables and Fruits

Provide small amounts of fresh vegetables and fruits as occasional treats. Favorites include carrots, apples, and peas. Avoid citrus fruits and high-sugar options.

D. Water

Ensure a consistent supply of fresh, clean water. Offer it in a shallow, stable dish that your hedgehog can easily access.

3. Socialization and Handling

Hedgehogs can be shy, but they can also become affectionate and bond with their owners through regular handling. Here are some tips:

A. Bonding Time

Spend time with your hedgehog daily to build trust and familiarity. Handle them gently and avoid sudden movements.

B. Handling Techniques

To pick up your hedgehog, scoop them up with both hands, supporting their body. Be patient and allow them to uncurl if they are in a defensive posture.

C. Social Interaction

Hedgehogs may enjoy gentle petting and cuddling once they become comfortable with you. Some individuals are more social than others, so respect their preferences.

4. Health Care

Regularly monitor your hedgehog’s health and behavior. If you notice any changes or signs of illness, consult a veterinarian experienced with hedgehogs. Common health concerns include mites, obesity, and dental issues.

5. Enrichment and Play

Hedgehogs benefit from mental and physical stimulation. Here’s how to keep them entertained:

A. Toys

Provide a variety of safe toys, such as tunnels, puzzle feeders, and small balls. Hedgehogs may enjoy exploring and pushing objects around.

B. Playpen Time

Set up a secure playpen outside the cage for supervised playtime. Offer tunnels, ramps, and toys for exploration and exercise.

C. Foraging Activities

Hide treats or pieces of food in their cage or playpen for them to find. This stimulates their natural foraging instincts.

6. Safety Considerations

Hedgehogs have quills, so handle them with care to avoid getting pricked. Also, ensure their environment is escape-proof, and be cautious with other pets that may be curious about your hedgehog.


Hedgehogs are delightful and unique pets that can bring joy to your life. By providing them with the right habitat, nutrition, socialization, and enrichment, you can ensure a happy and fulfilling life for your prickly companion. Remember that each hedgehog has its personality, so be patient and attentive to their individual needs.

With proper care and attention, your hedgehog can thrive and become a beloved member of your family, providing you with years of companionship and fun.

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Dr. Chandrika

About Me

I am a veterinary doctor who is passionate about providing top-quality care for pets and their families. My mission is to share my knowledge and expertise with pet owners through my blog, petearnest.com.

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