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Gerbil Varieties and Colors: A Guide to Different Gerbil Types

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Gerbils are small, curious rodents that make delightful and low-maintenance pets. Beyond their friendly and social nature, gerbils also come in various colors and coat patterns. In this guide, we’ll explore the captivating world of gerbil varieties, colors, and patterns, shedding light on what makes these tiny creatures even more fascinating.

The Spectrum of Gerbil Coat Colors

Gerbils come in a diverse range of coat colors, each with its unique charm and appeal. Understanding the genetics behind these colors can make the experience of owning gerbils even more engaging. Here are some common gerbil coat colors:

1. Agouti:

  • Agouti gerbils have a coat color reminiscent of their wild counterparts. They feature a sandy or agouti-colored coat with a white belly. Agouti gerbils often have a dark stripe running down their back.

2. Black:

  • Black gerbils are characterized by their solid black coat color. They may have a glossy or matte finish to their fur.

3. Dark-Tailed White:

  • Dark-tailed white gerbils have a predominantly white coat with a dark-colored tail. Their eyes and ears are usually pink.

4. Himalayan:

  • Himalayan gerbils have a creamy-white body with color points on their nose, ears, paws, and tail. These points can come in various shades, including gray and beige.

5. Burmese:

  • Burmese gerbils have a creamy or fawn-colored coat with darker points, similar to Himalayans but with a slightly different shade.

6. Nutmeg:

  • Nutmeg gerbils have a coat color resembling that of the spice nutmeg, with a warm, rich brown hue.

7. Dove:

  • Dove gerbils have a soft, pale grayish-brown coat that exudes elegance and charm.

8. Blue:

  • Blue gerbils boast a stunning blue-gray coat, which can vary in intensity. Their color is a result of a dilution gene.

Patterns and Markings

In addition to coat colors, gerbils can exhibit various patterns and markings that add to their individuality:

1. Spotted:

  • Spotted gerbils have random spots or patches of a different color on their coat. These spots can vary in size and placement.

2. Pied:

  • Pied gerbils have distinct white patches on their body, which create a contrasting and eye-catching appearance.

3. Mottled:

  • Mottled gerbils have a mottled or marbled appearance, with patches of different colors blended together.

4. Dappled:

  • Dappled gerbils exhibit a dappled or speckled pattern on their coat, adding an element of uniqueness to their appearance.

Genetics of Gerbil Coat Colors

Gerbil coat colors and patterns are influenced by genetics, specifically by different combinations of alleles (gene variants). Some of the genes responsible for gerbil coat colors include:

  • A (Agouti Gene): Determines the presence of agouti coloration in gerbils.
  • C (Color Gene): Affects the overall coat color, with “C” for full color and “c” for non-agouti or self-color.
  • E (Extension Gene): Controls the distribution of color, with “E” for full extension and “e” for reduced extension.

The interactions of these genes can produce the wide array of colors and patterns seen in gerbils.

Choosing the Right Gerbil

When selecting a gerbil, consider your preferences for coat color and pattern, but remember that personality and compatibility with your existing gerbils are equally essential. Gerbils are highly social animals and thrive when they have companions of the same sex. When introducing a new gerbil to your group, consider factors like age, temperament, and compatibility to ensure a harmonious environment.


Gerbils are not only sociable and entertaining pets but also come in a captivating array of colors and patterns. Whether you’re drawn to the natural look of agouti, the elegance of dove, or the striking contrast of spotted gerbils, there’s a gerbil variety for everyone. As you explore the world of gerbil coat colors and patterns, remember that what truly makes these pets special is their lively personalities and the joy they bring to their human companions.

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Dr. Chandrika

About Me

I am a veterinary doctor who is passionate about providing top-quality care for pets and their families. My mission is to share my knowledge and expertise with pet owners through my blog, petearnest.com.


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